Charles was born St Martins London. As Charles Knowland, he was tried for for stealing, on the 20th day of July last, a cloth coat, value 10 s. a hat, value 10 s. a waistcoat, value 4 s. a pair of shoes, value 1 s. a pair of plated buckles, value 2 s. the property of Rice Evers at Old Bailey on 12 Sep 1787 and received a sentence of seven years transportation.
As Charles Knowland, he arrived in NSW aboard the Surprize 1790. He travelled to Norfolk Island aboard the Mary Ann in Aug 1791. As the convict Charles Nowland he received rations until 1795. He enlisted into the NSW Corps on Norfolk Island on 8 Jan 1802 with the rank of private and assigned to receive stores on 9 Jan 1802.
On 12 Apr 1801 he purchased a lease on 6 acres of land from William Cross. Charles Nowland returned to NSW aboard the Union in Mar 1805. In Apr 1810 George was transferred to the 73rd Regiment. He departed NSW for Ceylon aboard the General Hewitt in Mar 1814.
Charles Nowland was discharged in England in 1817, at the age of 47 years after service in the Served in 73rd Foot Regiment, 102nd Foot Regiment and 38th Foot Regiment. 
 The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, t17870912-70.
 SRNSW Colonial Secretary’s Papers, 1788-1825, Fiche 3267; 9/2731 p.77
 TNA, WO 97/854/19