Samuel Marsden, NSW Corps, Surprize 1790

Samuel Marsden was born 1769 England. He arrived in NSW aboard the Surprize 1790. He first travelled to Norfolk Island aboard the Supply in Apr 1791, returning to Sydney and was again travelling to Norfolk island aboard the Kitty in Feb 1793.

On Norfolk Island he formed a relationship with Rachael Early (Convict Friendship 1788). Rachael Early had married John Price, Convict Alexander 1788, on 1 June 1788 St Phillips Sydney. There were no children from the union. They were both sent to Norfolk Island aboard the Golden Grove in Oct 1788, and were living at Queensborough on Norfolk Island.

Samuel Marsden and Rachael Early’s child Elizabeth was born 28 Jan 1794 Norfolk Island. In Mar 1794 both Samuel, Rachael and Samuel returned to Port Jackson aboard the Francis. Samuel returned to Norfolk Island in July 1794 aboard the Francis and returned to Sydney aboard the Supply in Nov 1795 . Rachael found herself back on Norfolk Island again, travelling on HMS Reliance in 1796.

Whilst Samuel remained in Sydney and formed a relationship with Ann Harmsworth – Armsworth, their son Joseph was born Feb 1799 in Sydney. They travelled to Norfolk island sometime in 1799 as they are listed on the HMS Reliance shipping muster for the voyage to Sydney in Dec 1799:

  • Troop – Samuel Marsden
  • Passenger – Ann Ainsworth (sic)
  • Passenger – Joseph Ainsworth (sic)

Samuel Marsden return to Norfolk Island aboard HMS Porpoise, in Jan 1801 travelling with him were Ann Marsden (NSW Corps wife) and Joseph Marsden (NSW Corps child).

Samuel’s wife was Ann Harmsworth – Armsworth, Marine’s Child, Prince of Wales 1788 (daughter of Thomas and Ann Harmsworth). Samuel and Ann were married 19 Jan 1800 in Sydney, with Ann using the name of Armsworth, she had grown up on Norfolk Island with her mother Ann and step father Daniel Stanfield.

Samuel served as a private with the 102nd regiment on Norfolk Island, Samuel, his wife Ann and children returned to Sydney aboard the Lady Nelson  In Apr 1810 Samuel was transferred to the NSW Veteran Company.

In 1814 the Marsden family was living in Sydney, by 1822 the family had moved to Liverpool.  In 1824 Samuel was a pensioner living at Liverpool NSW and on the list of people to serve as jurors in the District of Liverpool.[1]

Ann died 30 July 1828 Sydney, buried at Devonshire St Cemetery Sydney.

In 1828 Samuel Marsden, living at Liverpool and working as a shoemaker, age 59 years old, with him was his son, Samuel age 16 years.

Samuel (snr) Marsden formerly of the Veteran Company of Liverpool, age 52 years,  died 25 February 1830 Liverpool NSW, buried St Luke’s Cemetery Liverpool NSW.

Further Readings

[1] SRNSW Colonial Secretary’s Papers 1788-1825, Reel 6011; 4/3509 pp.484, 486 and Reel 6062, 4/1782 p.78a.

Cite this article as: Cathy Dunn, 'Samuel Marsden, NSW Corps, Surprize 1790', Australian History Research,, accessed [insert current date]
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