Stephen Gilbert was a Private with the Marines 36th (Plymouth) Company. He arrived in NSW in Jan 1788 aboard ship unknown.
The Fellowship of the First Fleeters website records his arrival on the Alexander as does our publication HM Supply Norfolk Island March 1790. Mollie Gillen’s The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet notes Stephen Gilbert’s arrival as an unknown ship, whilst Barrie Chapmans’s Redcoat website places Stephen Gilbert on the Scarborough. Whilst there are some family members believe he arrived on HMS Sirius (which is definitely not the case). 
A contemporary project of the First Fleet marines is currently re-checking all their arrival with primary evidence and at this stage Stephen Gilbert arrival ship has not been identified or verified by any primary record.
Stephen Gilbert served with Captain John Shea’s company as part of the Port Jackson Garrison. Stephen arrived on Norfolk Island aboard HM Supply in March 1790.
On Norfolk Island he formed a relationship with Ann CAREY, Convict, Neptune 1790. Ann arrived on Norfolk Island aboard the Surprize in Aug 1790. Stephen and Ann were one of the many couples married by Reverend Richard Johnson, Nov 1791 on Norfolk Island.
In Feb 1792 Stephen took procession a land grant of 60 acres at Balls Bay, the land was surrendered back to the Government of the day before leaving Norfolk Island.
Stephen Gilbert left Norfolk Island with his wife Ann and baby Mary Carey (born Aug 1792 Norfolk Island later baptised Sarah Gilbert) aboard the Kitty in March 1793. Stephen enlisted into the NSW Corps with the rank of private on 26 Mar 1793 in Sydney.
In May 1797 Stephen with five other members of the NSW Corps received a 150 acre land at Mulgrave Place including John Lewis and John Howell. Stephen was discharged from the NSW Corps on 26 Mar 1798. 15 Jan 1799 Stephen received 100 of 200 acres land grant at Bankstown, the other share had granted to Michael Murphy. On 1 Jan 1800 Matthew Flinders, was the owner of a land grant of 300 acres at Bankstown which included 100 acres purchased by Flinders from Stephen Gilbert.
Stephen and Ann also had two children in Sydney, Hannah Gilbert born Mar 1795 and John Gilbert born Aug 1797. John died Jan 1799, buried 14 Jan 1799 Old Sydney Burial Ground. Stephen Gilbert died sometime in 1799. Ann Gilbert remarried Theophilus FEUTRILL, 13 Aug 1799 St Phillips Sydney. Ann died 29 October 1830 Launceston VDL.
Image (above): HM Supply Muster 1790 ADM/36 TNA Reel 7006, p. 284
- Includes extracts from HM Supply Norfolk Island March 1790
- Captain Shea’s Company: Port Jackson Marines 1788
- Surprize to Norfolk Island August 1790
- Marriages November 1791 Norfolk Island
 Alexander: http://www.fellowshipfirstfleeters.org.au/ship_alexander.htm and HM Supply Norfolk Island March 1790; No Ship: Mollie Gillen, The Founders of Australia: A Biographical Dictionary of the First Fleet, Library of Australian History, Sydney, 1989, p. 142; Scarborough: http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/firstfleet.htm ; HMS Sirius http://lintywhite.com/anncarey.html
 AJCP Reel 5 PRO CO 201.9.
 Norfolk Island Victualling Book, 1792-1796, SANSW Reel 2747 and ML A1958, p.77b
 Colonial Secretary Papers, 1788 – 1825, SANSW, Fiche 3267; 9/2731 p.113