William Broughton, Servant to John White, Charlotte 1788

William Broughton, born 1768, came free to NSW as  servant to John White, aboard the Charlotte 1788.

On 20 Feb 1789 he was appointed store keeper at Parramatta. William remained at this post until the 12 Dec 1800, when he was appointed Storekeeper acting deputy commissary at Norfolk Island, with a promise that if he chooses to return to this place, in case of Deputy Commissary Clarke’s return to Norfolk Island, he will resume his former situation at Parramatta.

William Broughton and his family arrived on Norfolk Island aboard HMS Porpoise, in Jan 1801. He took at the position of storekeeper on Norfolk Island at Phillipsburg in the room of William Neate Chapman.

In Jan 1802, he bought a lease of 17 squares perches, in the town of Sydney on Norfolk Island from Robert Nash, which also included a house for £100.[1] In 1803 he was granted 30.5 acres which was probably at or near Phillipsburg, where he was listed as being employed and where his home was built.[2]

On 12 Feb 1805, he was discharged on the reduction of the civil establishment at the island.

By 1808 his eldest child Mary Ann Broughton had left Norfolk Island and was in England receiving an education.

After travelling to VDL and on his eventual return to New South Wales, he was employed in the commissariat department.[3] In March 1808 it was noted that:

Mr. Broughton, the Deputy Commissary of Norfolk Island, having left there 7 Cows, 4 Working Oxen, 6 Oxen and Heifers, 6 Calves, 1 Dwelling House with Skillings adjoining 47 feet by 14 feet framed and Weather Boarded, Wainscoated inside, an upper Story, Glazed &c. 1 Kitchen adjoining Framed and Weather Boarded and Boarded Loft with 166 Sheep, I have as an adequate Compensation for the Same directed him to receive 33 Cows.[4]

William had a relationship with Ann GLASSOP alias Elizabeth Heathorn, Convict Pitt 1792. William Broughton and Ann/Elizabeth along with four children of Sarah, William, Rebecca and Elizabeth (and possible two unnamed servants) travelled to Hobart aboard the City of Edinburgh in Sept 1808 which from ‘Norfolk she sailed with 254 passengers, with their property, for Hobart, where she arrived the 5th of October, with a very acceptable supply of salt provisions shipped here by Government for the use of His Majesty’s Settlement at Hobart Town.[5]

This journey was start of a connection between Alexander Berry of the City of Edinburgh and the Broughton, Kennedy and Hume families for generations to come.

 Ann GLASSOP alias Elizabeth Heathorn, Convict Pitt 1792. In 1805 she is recorded as a Woman from expired sentence off stores as Ann GLOSSIP. She died December 1809, Whangaroa, New Zealand.

In 1809 Elizabeth and her daughter Elizabeth (Betsy) sailed from Sydney aboard the General Boyd, bound for The Cape of Good Hope via north New Zealand. At Whangaroa in New Zealand, the crew and passengers were killed by Maoris, except for Betsy and three others.

Three weeks later Alexander Berry of the City of Edinburgh, heard of the massacre and came to investigate and rescued the survivors. Betsy was taken to South America, for his cargo was destined for Lima, and waited there for nearly a year, until a ship bound for New South Wales arrived.

Betsy BroughtonAfter Betsy return to Sydney in Mar 1812 aboard the Atlanta, her father William Broughton had a portrait painted of Betsy as a gift for the family who had cared for her in Lima. The portrait has survived, along with Broughton’s letter and both are today with the National Library of Australia.

Image: Portrait of Elizabeth Isabella Broughton, about seven years old, 1814, National Library of Australia: nla.pic-an4862493.

William married 4 Dec 1810, St Johns Parramatta, Elizabeth Charlotte SIMPSON nee KENNEDY, in the presence of her father James Raworth Kennedy and sister Jane Kennedy. Elizabeth was born 1783, Kent England, (daughter of James Raworth KENNEDY and Eleanor Lydia PEARCE). She arrived free aboard the Sovereign  Nov 1795.

Elizabeth, William’s new bride raised a large family of William’s children from his first relationship as well as her family of four children she had with William Broughton in addition to her child with her late husband Captain Roger Simpson and she was also the Matron of the Sydney Girls Orphan School.

William Broughton died 22 July 1821, Appin NSW, whilst Elizabeth died 20 Dec 1843 at Lachlan Vale Appin NSW.

At Appin, on Sunday last, after a painful indisposition, WILLIAM BROUGHTON, Esquire, Acting Assistant Commissary General, and a Magistrate for the Territory.-Mr. Broughton arrived in the Colony with the first fleet, under the auspices of His Excellency Governor PHILLIP, and had been employed under every subsequent Administration, in the Commissariat Department of this Territory and its Dependencies; in the various duties of which public responsibility he afforded general satisfaction. The funeral took place on Wednesday at Liverpool, and was attended by His EXCELLENCY the GOVERNOR in CHIEF, and most of the Civil and Military Officers, and respectable Inhabitants, of the Colony.[6]

[1] SRNSW Colonial Secretary’s Papers 1788-1828, Fiche 3268; 9/2731 p.201

[2] Margaret Carty, William Broughton and the Kennedy Connection, the author, 1987, p. 9.

[3] HRA, Series 1 Volume 2, p. 55, Vol. 3, p. 41, Vol. 4, p. 222, Vol. 5, p. 333 and Vol. 8, p. 673.

[4] HRA, Series 1, Volume 7, p. 27.

[5] Sydney Gazette, 13 November 1808, p. 1.

[6] Sydney Gazette, 28 July 1821, p. 4,

Further readings on William Broughton and his family can be found in Margaret Carty’s publication William Broughton and the Kennedy Connection, published in 1987. Historian Cathy Dunn and her family attended this book launch, as they are direct descendant of Jane Kennedy; the sister of Elizabeth Broughton was Simpson nee Kennedy.

Cite this article as: Cathy Dunn, 'William Broughton, Servant to John White, Charlotte 1788', Australian History Research, http://www.australianhistoryresearch.info/william-broughton-servant-to-john-white-charlotte-1788/, accessed [insert current date]
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