William Spears, NSW Corps, Earl Cornwallis 1801

William SPEARS – SPEERS, born Somerset England, he arrived in NSW as a private with the NSW Corps aboard the Earl Cornwallis in 1801. In Sydney he had common law relationship with Sarah Robinson (convict Earl Cornwallis 1801), they had two children.

He was assigned to Norfolk Island arriving aboard HMS Buffalo in May 1803 as a private in the NSW Corps, Sarah Robinson remained in Sydney. Also aboard HMS Buffalo was his future wife Mary How/e, who had been with William Coleman of the NSW Corps. Both William Spears and Mary How/e arrived in NSW aboard the Minerva in 1800.  She gave birth to birth to a son James How in Mar 1804, with William Spears recorded at the father.

They left Norfolk Island, travelling to Sydney, in Feb 1805 aboard the Investigator with William then been assigned to Parramatta. William Spears and Mary How were married 29 July 1806, St Phillips Sydney by Rev. Fulton. The witnesses were William Gollon and Margaret Joiner. Margaret Joiner was the wife of Henry Joiner, a private in the NSW Corps.

In Mar 1810 William was transferred to the 73rd Regiment and discharged in 1814, on which he became a sawyer in Sydney.  In 1815 William was appointment as a constable in Sydney, and then in Jun 1820, he was suspended from position as district constable for neglect of duty. [1]

In 1825 William was recorded as a pensioner living at 28 Clarence St Sydney, which was still his abode in 1830 when his son William married. Mary died 15 Sept 1829 Sydney, buried Devonshire Street Cemetery. William Spears died Sydney 29 Jun 1833, age 62 years, also buried Devonshire Street Cemetery Sydney.

[1] Colonial Secretary’s Papers 1788-1825, SRNSW, Reel 6038; SZ759 p.38 and Reel 6050; 4/1747 pp.70-1




Cite this article as: Cathy Dunn, 'William Spears, NSW Corps, Earl Cornwallis 1801', Australian History Research, http://www.australianhistoryresearch.info/william-spears-nsw-corps-earl-cornwallis-1801/, accessed [insert current date]
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